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Glossary of Industrial Wax Terms You Should Know

Glossary of Wax

Paraffin Wax: A solid, soft, white or colorless wax with a melting point between 48 and 66 degrees Celsius. Petroleum is converted into paraffin wax by dewaxing stocks of light lubricating oil.

Microcrystalline Wax: When petrolatum is DE-oiled as part of the refining of petroleum, a kind of wax called microcrystalline wax is created. The melting-point of commercial grades ranges from 63° to 93° C.

Vegetable Wax: Synthesized naturally by plants or are obtained from the hydrogenation of natural vegetable oils.

Ceresin Wax: Originally made from coal and shale, it is a mineral wax. It is a tasteless, odourless, crystalline substance that is white in colour.

Candalilla Wax: This wax, also known as Euphorbia antisyphilitica wax or Euphorbia cerifera wax, is a tough, yellowish tan to brown wax. This wax obtained from the leaves of a small shrub native.

Synthetic Wax: By synthesising hydrocarbon waxes, synthetic waxes are produced. The Fischer Tropsh/GLT and Alpha Olefin waxes fall under this category.

Polyethylene Wax: Ethylene is converted into PE wax by a process known as polymerization. To produce a product with the desired characteristics, manufacturers modify the polymerization process.

Amide Wax: It is a low molecular weight wax prepared by polycondensation of dibasic acid and diamine. These hard waxes are yellowish.

Investment casting Wax: Commonly referred to as precision casting or lost-wax casting, is a manufacturing method where a wax pattern is utilised to manufacture a disposable ceramic mould.

Antiozonant wax: Antiozonants are mainly used by mixing petroleum wax. The wax blended into the rubber blooms forms a protective film on the rubber surface.

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